|A warning! In these modern times you should be aware of forged postmarks. It is so easy - with a little help from a computer - to make your own postmark (as also shown on the "nice" picture of me on my homepage :-). I should tell you that in Denmark there are 11 "accumulations of houses and farms" named "NØRBY", all located north to and belonging to villages ("NØR" means north and "BY" means town/village. Furthermore there are four small villages with the name "NØRBY" in Denmark. None of them has ever had an post office or a postmark! - so my personal "postmarks" just look like real postmarks :-)
I made my "postmarks" for lecture purposes - just to tell collectors that they have to be aware of forged postmarks! In the following section I am going to tell you a little about special Danish postmarks - partly using my own "postmarks" as illustrations!
The "Star Postmark". The first postmark, very like the type shown to the left but what we call the "STJ I - Taarbæk type", was introduced in Denmark in 1866 and was given to 31 sub post offices ("brevsamlingssteder"). Here they collected the letters, cancelled the stamps with their "Letter Collection Star Postmark" and sent them to the head post office in their area.
The first "Star Postmarks" (in Danish: "Stjernestempler" - and not shown here) had "simple stars" in the centre of the postmark. Later - in 1873 and thereafter - the "star" in the centre was changed and most of our "Star Postmarks" was produced with a "star" like the one you see in my "Star Postmark". This revised type is now called the "STJ II - Faarevejle-type". On 31 July 1929 our GPO announced that the "star" in the middle of the postmark should be removed (and this was normally done by the local blacksmith!) and hereafter the postmarks were named "Removed Star Postmarks" ("udslebne stjernestempler"). In spite of the fact that only postmarks without stars were given to the special sub post offices after 1929, we call all postmarks in this type "removed star" postmarks. Some of the "stjernestempler" are very rare because of a short period of use: "SMIRIL" and "RUTH" (used on board ships from the Færø Islands. "SEJHT" (without a star) and "BØLLING" - both from Jutland - are also very rare.
Reference: "Stjernestempler" by Jan Bendix. Skilling, Skibby 1995, ISBN 87-87832-13-5.
The Danish "Bridge" Postmark (in Danish: "Bro-typen")
On 4 November 1936 the Danish GPO announced that all "Bro I" postmarks should be replaced by postmarks without vertical bars over and under the "bridge", the so-called "Bro II" postmark. As a matter of fact this replacement took several years and some post offices kept their old "Bro I" postmark and used it on very busy days e.g. at Christmas time. The latest known (of my knowledge) impression of a Danish "Bro I" postmark is from 28 April 1969!
Reference: "Late use of Bro I-postmarks" by Toke Nørby. Postal History Exhibition Catalogue "Hjemstavn 90" pp. 21-25, Odense, Denmark. ISBN 87-88688-31-3 and a follow up article in "The Danish Postal History Magazine", 1991, 2 pp. 77-80. ISSN 0902-8668.
Danish Ship Mail.
The Letter Collection Postmark. Many different postmarks for use on ship mail have been issued in Denmark. The most common type is the "Fra xxxx" which means "From (name of the town)". Depending of the time where the letter was sent, different markings on the front of the cover can identify the letter as a so-called ship letter. In the old days (about 1836-1875) the sender could - by writing on the letter - choose the way the letter should be sent, if there was a choice. We typically can see two different private markings indicating that the sender desired that his letter should be sent by ship: "Pr. (Steamers name)" or "Via (name of a town)" from where a mail carrying steamboat received the letter and transported it to its destination harbour where the letter was given to the post office and transported to the receiver (an example is shown on my page "Danish Inland Ship Mail").
Reference: "Skibspost" by JKE in "Nordfrimex 83" exhibition catalogue pp. 21-35 and pp. 53-68, Copenhagen 1983 and "Posthornstemplerne" by Jerry Kern. Skilling 1991. ISBN 87-87832-15-1
Here you see a very special Posthorn Postmark. As a matter of fact it is the only private Posthorn Postmark made with permission of a post office and given to me on my 50th birthday! The post office who gave permission demanded however, that no crown was present so it could be easy to see that it is a private "Posthorn Postmark".
I will show you a real Posthorn Postmark to let you see how a real one looks. Impressions of "SKÆRSØ pr. EBELTOFT" is known in use from the period 20 April 1949 until 22 July 1949 (unless the railway station "SKÆRSØ" was closed so late as 31 October 1968). As you see there is a small crown over the posthorn on real Posthorn Postmarks. You also see that this postmark has no "lightning's" through the posthorn as my "Posthorn Postmark" and newer Posthorn Postmarks has, but the lightning's is just used to symbolise that the telegraph service was not connected to our GPO at the time this postmark was issued. There were 183 small railway stations and railway stops using these postmarks in different versions in the period from 1924 to 1969 (the latest impression of a Posthorn Postmark is from 2 January 1969).
Reference: "Posthornstemplerne" by Jerry Kern. Skilling 1991. ISBN 87-87832-15-1.
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Last modified 25 October 1998